The Navajo Indians
The word Navajo comes from the phrase Tewa Navahu, meaning highly cultivated lands. The Navajo Indians largely resides in New Mexico and Arizona. The Navajo Indians originally began their tribes in the 1500s. They traded maize (or corn crops) and woven cotton items such as blankets for things like bison meat and various materials that they could use to make tools and weapons.
both the Spaniards and the Mexicans began to take violent action against
the Navajo tribes because of their raids on the camps. They sent in
military installations to intimidate the tribes, and eventually about
2/3 of them surrendered to their wishes and moved to new territories,
including Utah. For those who refused to surrender, they hid out in
the mountains and the canyons to avoid being caught. Eventually the
Navajo Indians settled into a reservation on Fort Sumter in the late
1800s. By this point, they had begun raising sheep, giving them
a prosperous and profitable edge. Today the Navajo population is still
going strong. While young people in the tribes today search for their
own identities, they still remain very close to their families and to
their heritage. The Navajo tribes are some of the most influential of
all Native Americans, and their history and traditions have been passed
down over many generations.